Hawkins was born in San Francisco, California to Roland and Lois (Cleveland) Davis. She grew up in the Ephesians Church of God in Christ located in Berkeley, California, pastored by her grandfather, the late Bishop E.E. Cleveland.

While still in high school, Hawkins and her friends, Mary McCreary, Elva Mouton, and Vet Stone, had a gospel group called the Heavenly Tones that performed at various venues around the Oakland and San Francisco areas. In 1966 the group recorded the album I Love the Lord for the Gospel label, part of Savoy Records, and a 45 for the Music City label called He's Alright. When Stone's older brother Sylvester, better known as Sly Stone, formed Sly & the Family Stone with their

brother Freddie and friends Larry GrahamCynthia RobinsonJerry Martini, and Greg Errico, the Heavenly Tones were recruited directly out of high school to become Little Sister, Sly & the Family Stone's background vocalists for their recording. Hawkins left the group to focus solely on recording and singing gospel music.

At the age of 17, Hawkins sang on the Edwin Hawkins Singers Choir's single "Oh Happy Day". With her distinctive soprano and extensive vocal range, she became better known as a featured soloist with late husband Walter Hawkins' Love Center Choir as well as the Hawkins Family. Hawkins scored several hits as a solo artist in the 1980s while signed to Light Records, and released now-classic albums, such as her 1979 self-titled debut, Tramaine, and its 1983 follow-up Determined. Songs such as "Changed," "Goin Up Yonder", "He's That Kind Of Friend", Jesus Christ Is The Way" and "Highway" quickly became staples and fan favorites.


  • 1966: I Love the Lord (Gospel Records) (as member of the gospel group The Heavenly Tones)

  • 1979: Tramaine (Light)

  • 1983: Determined (Light) – #6 Gospel[3]

  • 1986: The Search Is Over (A&M)T – #2 Gospel,[4] #33 R&B[3]

  • 1987: Freedom (A&M)T

  • 1988: The Joy That Floods My Soul (Sparrow/Capitol) – #5 Gospel, #33 Christian[3]

  • 1990: Live (Sparrow) – #2 Gospel, #25 Christian[3]

  • 1994: To a Higher Place (Columbia) – #4 Gospel[3]

  • 2001: Still Tramaine (GospoCentric)T – #5 Gospel, #31 Heatseekers[3]

  • 2007: I Never Lost My Praise: Live (GospoCentric) – #12 Gospel[3]

T Denotes albums released as Tramaine only, as opposed to Tramaine Hawkins.


  • 1986: Tramaine Treasury (Light)

  • 1994: All My Best to You (Sparrow) – #38 Gospel[3]

  • 2001: All My Best to You, Vol. 2 (EMI Gospel)

  • 2002: Mega 3 Collection (Light)

  • 2008: Gospel Legacy (Light)


  • 1966: "He's Alright" (Music City) (as member of the gospel group The Heavenly Tones)

  • 1986: "Fall Down (Spirit of Love)" (A&M) – #1 Dance,[5] #7 R&B,[6] UK #60[7]

  • 1986: "Child of the King" (A&M)

  • 1986: "In the Morning Time" (A&M) – #21 Dance,[8] #26 R&B [9]

  • 1987: "The Rock" (A&M) - #22 Dance[10]

  • 1987: "Freedom" (A&M)

  • 1992: "Do Not Pass Me By" (MC Hammer with Tramaine Hawkins) (Capitol/EMI) – #62 US, #15 R&B, #14 UK

  • 1995: "I Found the Answer" (Columbia)

  • 1995: "Who's Gonna Carry You" (Columbia)[11]

  • 2001: "By His Strength" (GospoCentric)

  • 2007: "Excellent Lord" (GospoCentric)

  • 2007: "I Never Lost My Praise" (GospoCentric)

  • 2014: "My Past" (duet with Donnie McClurkin) (EMI Gospel)









Andraé Edward Crouch /ˈɑːndreɪ/ (July 1, 1942 – January 8, 2015) was an American gospel singer, songwriter, arranger, record producer and pastor. Referred to as "the father of modern gospel music" by contemporary Christian and gospel music professionals,[1] Crouch was known for his compositions "The Blood Will Never Lose Its Power", "My Tribute (To God Be the Glory)" and "Soon and Very Soon". He collaborated on some of his recordings with artists, such as Stevie WonderEl DeBargePhilip BaileyChaka KhanSheila E. and vocal group Take 6, and many recording artists covered his material, including, Bob DylanBarbara MandrellPaul SimonElvis Presley and Little Richard.[2] In the 1980s and 1990s, he was known as the "go to" producer for superstars who sought a gospel choir sound in their recordings, appearing on a number of recordings, including Michael Jackson's "Man In the Mirror", Madonna's "Like a Prayer", and "The Power", a duet between Elton John and Little Richard.[3] Crouch was noted for his talent of incorporating contemporary secular music styles into the gospel music he grew up with. His efforts in this area helped pave the way for early American contemporary Christian music during the 1960s and 1970s.[4]

Crouch's original music arrangements were heard in the films The Color Purple, for which he received an Oscar nomination, and Disney's The Lion King, as well as the NBC television series Amen. Awards and honors received by him include seven Grammy Awards, induction into the Gospel Music Hall of Fame in 1998, and a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[4]

Andraé Crouch and The Disciples[edit]

Solo recordings[edit]

  • 1973: Just Andrae (Light)

  • 1979: I'll Be Thinking of You (Light)

  • 1981: Don't Give Up (Warner Bros.)

  • 1982: Finally (Light)

  • 1984: No Time to Lose (Light)

  • 1986: Autograph (Light)

  • 1994: Mercy (Qwest)

  • 1997: Pray (Qwest)

  • 1998: Gift of Christmas (Qwest)

  • 2006: Mighty Wind (Verity)

  • 2011: The Journey (Riverphlo Entertainment)

  • 2013: Live in Los Angeles


Birth nameAndraé Edward Crouch

BornJuly 1, 1942
San Francisco, California, U.S.

DiedJanuary 8, 2015 (aged 72)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.

GenresGospelcontemporary Christian

Occupation(s)Singer, songwriter, arranger, record producer, choir director, pastor

InstrumentsVocals, piano, organ

Years active1966–2014

LabelsLightQwest/Warner Bros.Verity/Jive

Associated actsSandra CrouchTáta VegaDanniebelle HallKristle Murden

WebsiteAndraé Crouch on Facebook









Mahalia Jackson (/məˈheɪliə/ mə-HAY-lee-ə; October 26, 1911 – January 27, 1972) was an American gospel singer. Possessing a contralto voice,[1] she was referred to as "The Queen of Gospel".[2][3] She became one of the most influential gospel singers in the world and was heralded internationally as a singer and civil rights activist.[4] She was described by entertainer Harry Belafonte as "the single most powerful black woman in the United States".[4] She recorded about 30 albums (mostly for Columbia Records) during her career, and her 45 rpm records included a dozen "golds"—million-sellers.

"I sing God's music because it makes me feel free", Jackson once said about her choice of gospel, adding, "It gives me hope. With the blues, when you finish, you still have the blues."[5]

She was born on October 26, 1911, as Mahala Jackson and nicknamed "Halie". Jackson grew up in the Black Pearl section of the Carrollton neighborhood of uptown New Orleans. The three-room dwelling on Pitt Street housed thirteen people[6] and a dog. This included Little Mahala (named after her aunt, Mahala Clark-Paul whom the family called Aunt Duke); her brother Roosevelt Hunter, whom they called Peter; and her mother Charity Clark, who worked as both a maid and a laundress. Several aunts and cousins lived in the house as well. Aunt Mahala was given the nickname "Duke" after proving herself the undisputed "boss" of the family. The maternal side of her family (the Clarks) consisted of her mother's siblings: Isabell, Mahala, Boston, Porterfield, Hannah, Alice, Rhoda, Bessie, their children, grandchildren, and patriarch Rev. Paul Clark, a former slave. Jackson's father. She also grew up with her maternal cousins Paul Clark Jr., Amelia Clark and Dorothy Mae Clark (who was listed in her will). John A. Jackson Sr., was a stevedore (dockworker) and a barber who later became a Baptist minister. He fathered five other children besides Mahalia: Wilmon (older) and then Yvonne, Edna, Pearl and Johnny Jr. (by his marriage shortly after Halie's birth). Her father's sister, Jeanette Jackson-Burnett, and her husband, Josie, were vaudeville entertainers. Their son, her cousin Edward, shared stories and records of Ma RaineyMamie Smith and Bessie Smith, whose voices and blues singing impressed her so much that she would imitate their ways of bending and coloring notes. (Her voice and singing style would be compared to Bessie Smith's all her life.)[7]

At birth, Jackson suffered from genu varum, or "bowed legs". Doctors wanted to perform surgery by breaking her legs, but one of the resident aunts opposed it. Jackson's mother would rub her legs down with greasy dishwater. Despite the condition, Jackson performed dance steps for the white woman for whom her mother and Aunt Bell cleaned house.[8]

Jackson was four or five years old when her mother Charity died at the age of 25,[9][10] leaving her family to decide who would raise Halie and her brother. Aunt Duke assumed this responsibility, and the children were forced to work from sun-up to sun-down. Aunt Duke would always inspect the house using the "white glove" method. If the house was not cleaned properly, Jackson was beaten. If one of the other relatives could not do their chores or clean at their job, Jackson or one of her cousins was expected to perform that particular task. School was hardly an option.[8] Jackson loved to sing and church is where she loved to sing the most. Her Aunt Bell told her that one day she would sing in front of royalty, a prediction that would eventually come true.[11] Jackson began her singing career at the local Mount Moriah Baptist Church. At 12 years old, she was baptized in the Mississippi River by Mt. Moriah's pastor, the Rev. E.D. Lawrence, then went back to the church to "receive the right hand of fellowship".[12]

Birth nameMahalia Jackson

BornOctober 26, 1911
New OrleansLouisiana, U.S.

DiedJanuary 27, 1972 (aged 60)
Evergreen Park, Illinois, U.S.




Years active1927–1971


Associated acts